The Sundial of the South Trials
LandmarkLocation: South of Al-Aqsa Mosque, thehighest of thesouthernpillars.
LandmarkLocationrelativetoDome of therock: South of theDome.
Reason of the name:
Its name camefromits presence on thesouthernpillars.
Builder Name: EngineerRushdiImam -Member of theSupremeIslamicCouncil.
Details of theshape:
-8 metersabovetheground, andwasdrilled on a marblepiece in a geometricdesignwithfiveunequallengths (100 * 150 cm).
-It has carvedlinesthatmakeuptheclockandthe time, in additionto a long 25 cm metal columnthatrepresentsthe main identifier in thesundial.
Additional Information aboutthelandmark:
-It is located on thesouthernpillarswhichascendfrom Al-Qibli Mosque totheDome of theRock, and it is usedtodeterminethe time of noon.
-How didpeoplecallforprayer in Al-Aqsa Mosque, in thepast?
Itwas a commonpractice (untilthemiddle of thelastcentury) thatthemuezzinascendstothe top of theminaret in ordertomake his voicewhencallingforprayerreachabletotheotherregions.
-Theleadmuezzinusedtogivetheothermuezzinsthesignalusing a flag, sothattheyallcallfortheprayer at thesame time. In 1952, thefirstloudspeakerwasinstalled on Al-Aqsa Mosque’sminaretssotherewasnolonger a needforthemuezzin( whocallsfortheprayer ) torisetotheminaretandthecallfortheprayer.
An Overview of theLandmark:
A sundial is a solar clocklocated on top of thesouthernpillars, whichwasused in ancienttimestodeterminetheAsrprayer’s time, since the modern hourswere not common yet. Thismound is abouteightmetershighand has beendrilled on a marblepiece in a distinctivegeometricshapewithfiveunequalribs, inscribedwithlinesrepresentingthehourandits time. In additionto a 25 cm long metal columnrepresentingthe main figure in thesundial. Thesundial is consideredone of theaccurateclocksthatdepend on theconstant sun motion in time calculation.