Atem (King Faysal) Gate
Far 30 meters fromthewest of Bab al-Hetta in thenorth.
LandmarkLocationrelativetoDome of therock:
At the North of Dome of theRock.
Renewedthe Gate withtherenovation of thegallery in theAyyubidperiod, specificallytothereign of King Issa theyear 610 AH - 1213 AD.
Reason of the name:
-The Gate of thehonor of theprophets in thehonor of theprophetsnexttohim in thatera. -Calledthe Gate of King Faisal bin Hussein bin Ali, theKing of Iraq, whichenteredthe Al-Aqsa Mosque in 1352 AH-1933, calledbytheSupremeIslamicCouncil of this name, in memory of his donationtothearchitecture Al Aqsa Mosque. -Thepeople of Jerusalem knowhimbythe Gate of Darknessbecauseitsentrancefromtheoutside is dark.
Details of theshape:
-Theentrance is rectangularwith 4 metersheight.
-An old Gate thatshowsthe size of thestonesandthepattern of constructionmentionedbythehistorian of Jerusalem in 379 AH – 990 M in the name of the Gates of theHashemitewhere it had threeentrances.
An Overview of theLandmark:
Al-A’tm Gate has a rectangularentrancewith a height of 4 meters. It’swest of thenorthernHittagate, 30 meters away. Thegate is north of theDome of theRock. ItwasrestoredduringtheAyyubid time, whenrestoringthegallery, specificallyduringthe time of King Issa in 1213 (610 QA.H.).
It has had manynames, eachone of them has a reason.
ItwascalledSharaf Al-Anbiya’a Gate, afterSharaf Al-Anbiya’aQuarterthatwasrightnextto it. Also, it wascalled Ad-Dawoodiyya Gate in theMamlukera, after Ad-Dawoodiyya School thatwasestablished in 1295 (694 A.H.). thisschool is north of thegatefromthe inside. It’sknownforthepeople of Jerusalem as Al’Atmgate, becausetheouterside of it is dark. WhenKing Faisal bin Hussein bin Ali, theking of Iraq at that time, he wasinvitedtoenter Al-Aqsa Mosque through it in 1933 (1352 A.H). TheSupremeIslamicCouncilcalled it so, tocommemorate his donationtotherestoration of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
It's an oldgate, andthat’s is clearfromthe size of itsstonesanditsarchitecturalstyle. In 990 (379 A.H.), a Jerusalemitehistoriancalled it “the Gates of theHashemites”, since it had 3 entrances.